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| H | I | J | K |
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| Q | R | S | T |
U | V |
W | X | Y
A schedule listing the documents which set out the history of ownership of a property.
A road maintained by a Local Authority.
The original amount of a mortgage loan on a property.
A formal document required to transfer ownership of property to a person entitled
to the property following the death of the owner.
Someone appointed formally to act on behalf of another either generally or for a
As it is an offence for a bankrupt to obtain credit, if a mortgage is involved,
such search is done against the names of the Buyer by the Buyer’s solicitors.
A search to establish if a property might be affected as a result of disused workings
near the property.
BUILDING REGULATION APPROVAL
Approval by the local authority on the design and materials.
Someone who buys a property.
Where a property seller is also buying another property this is a chain of transactions
and some chains can have many links.
On the day of completion the balance of the purchase price is paid by transfer of
funds between solicitors’ client accounts by electronic transfer. CHAPS means Clearing
Houses Automated Payment System.
For example a cleared cheque, banker’s draft, cash, on a CHAPS, telegraphic
transfer or BACS payment. The solicitor would require Cleared Funds in order to
complete any purchase or sale where there is negative equity.
COMMONS REGISTRATION SEARCH
A search at the local authority to check the property is not registered as common
land or part of a village green resulting in third party rights over the property
(e.g grazing) resulting in the enjoyment of the property being limited.
The moment when the buyer becomes the new owner of the seller’s house and the day
the seller must have left the property.
This is the day that ownership of the property passes from the seller to the buyer.
A written calculation of all the receipts and payments due in respect of the transaction.
Land affected by contamination which could arise from a past use of a property (e.g.
oil refinery) or by things stored on the property in the past (e.g. petrol station).
The form of legal agreement prepared in duplicate for signature by the seller and
buyer setting out all the legal rights and obligations agreed between them.
A document transferring ownership of an unregistered property from one person to
The legal work needed to buy and sell properties.
Where two or more people own jointly the property and all are legally entitled to
Legal obligations contained in a Deed.
Legal obligations which either require a party to refrain from doing something (e.g.
not to use a property for business purposes) or to advise a party to do something
(e.g. repair a fence).
A document transferring the ownership of property from one person to another without
any payment being made for it.
A document used where one person agrees to be responsible for someone else’s debt
or mortgage obligations if that person fails to carry out their own obligations.
DEED OF POSTPONEMENT
Where a mortgagee agrees to their mortgage ranking after another lender’s mortgage.
The official documents confirming who owns a property which are in the possession
of the owner or mortgagees if the property is mortgaged.
A problem with the legal ownership of the property which suggests that the legal
owner may be sued or may be asked to release their interest in a property.
This can cause confusion. When most people talk about the deposit the buyer is putting
down i.e. usually the difference between the amount of the mortgage and the purchase
price. When solicitors talk about the deposit they are talking about the money that
is handed over to the seller’s solicitors upon exchange of contracts. This might
be the same amount, but if may not.
Payments made on your behalf e.g. search fees. The amounts vary in Leeds, Bradford
The right of a person over another person’s piece of land (e.g. right of way).
A search against a property to check whether there is any record kept to suggest
that the property may be affected by contamination.
Usually means the difference between the value of a property and the amount owned
to the mortgagee.
The formal exchanging of the two parts of the contract when the seller and buyer
become legally bound to complete on an agreed date and in the case of the seller,
to move out of the property.
FIXTURES, FITTINGS AND CONTENTS FORM
A standard form where the seller sets out all those items in the property which
they have agreed to leave as part of the sale price and which is attached to the
This arises when part of one property is built on top of part of another property
and so the upper property owner does not own the building or land underneath the
Absolute title on a property.
The seller of a property must state the guarantee they are prepared to give. This
is the usual guarantee given by a property owner.
This is paid by a lessee to a lessor where a property is leasehold and is usually
expressed as a yearly sum.
This is sometimes charged by a mortgagee where a borrower borrows more than a certain
percentage of the value of a property to insure the mortgagee only against loss
arising if the property is sold by them due to the borrower’s failure to pay the
From 1st March 2004 to comply with the Money Laundering Regulations and anti-terrorist
legislation, unless you are an existing client prior to this date, then in any transaction
involving large sums of money, such as conveyancing, we will be obliged to ask for
identification. Usually your passport and a recent utility bill will have to be
produced to us when returning quotation letters.
A search at the land registry to see if a property is registered or unregistered.
Indemnity insurance is taken out by all solicitors to cover losses to clients arising
from errors or fraud in dealing with their matters.
Insurance to cover a defect in title or missing/lack of building/planning documents.
A form of ownership of a property where on the death of one of the co-owners, the
surviving co-owner(s) is (are) entitled to the whole ownership of the property.
An official certificate issued by the land registry where a property is registered
detailing the ownership and interest in the property where there is no legal charge.
A search at the land charges registry to see if a person has any bankruptcy proceedings
pending or if the property is unregistered to see if there are any mortgages or
interest registered against the property.
A central body that retains records of who owns the land, and under what conditions.
The fee payable to the Land Registry to register any change affecting the property
including a change of ownership.
A search at the land registry to check that no undisclosed charges or interests
are registered against the property.
Where a property is leasehold this is the document giving the lessee the rights
to possession of the property for the lease term and setting out all rights and
Where the ownership of property is for a limited period only. For example 99 years
or sometimes 2000 years. Possession of the property will be subject to the payment
of an annual ground rent.
This is the document which actually transfers the legal title to the property from
one person to another and is signed shortly before completion.
Where a property is leasehold the lessee means the current owner of the
leasehold property as opposed to the freeholder or landlord whose interest is subject
to the lessees right of occupation until the lease term has come to an end.
This means the landlord or freeholder who owns the freehold title and is entitled
to the ground rent under the lease and possession of the property at the end of
the lease term.
This is the title guarantee given by a seller where because of their limited knowledge
of the property the full title guarantee cannot be given (e.g. a personal representative
of a deceased owner or a mortgagee in possession).
This represents a list of questions about the property which are sent to the local
authority. It covers item such as, whether the road serving the property should
be maintained by the council, whether there have been any planning applications
on the property, and a number of other things.
A search to check whether the property may be affected by coal mining activity which
may result in subsidence.
A loan to buy a house or flat where the mortgagee lends the mortgagor money in return
for a legal charge being registered against the property to ensure that the loan
must be repaid before the property can be sold.
The document signed by the mortgagor to create a legal charge which the mortgagee
can register at the land registry.
The details of the terms upon which the mortgagee is prepared to make the mortgage
The length of time agreed for the repayment of the loan.
Where a property has been charged by the owner or mortgagor to the mortgagee.
Somebody who gives someone a mortgage (e.g. a bank or building society)
Somebody who takes out a mortgage (a borrower).
A situation where the amount of money you owe on the Mortgage on the property is
more than the sale price.
Any person who lives at the property but will not be signing the mortgage deed will
be asked to consent to the mortgage being taken out and agree to move out if the
mortgagee takes possession due to the default of the mortgage
These are official copies of the Land Registers sent to the Buyer’s solicitors to
prove the Seller’s title to the property.
A wall owned jointly with a neighbour and repairable at shared expense.
Approval by the local authority to the building or change of use of a property or
extension to an existing property.
POLITICALLY EXPOSED PERSONS
A PEP is a person who has been entrusted within the last year by:
a state other than the UK a community institution, or an international body
and who fulfils one of the following public roles:
heads of state, heads of government, ministers and deputy or assistant ministers
Members of Parliament
members of supreme courts, or constitutional courts or of other high-level judicial bodies whose decisions are not generally subject to further appeal, except in exceptional circumstances
members of courts of auditors or of the boards of central banks
ambassadors, chargés d’affairs and high ranking officers in the armed forces
members of the administrative, management or supervisory bodies of state-owned enterprises.
PEPs will also include this person's family members and known close associates.
The document to be signed by somebody to appoint somebody else to act as their attorney.
A road maintained by property owners rather than by the local authority. The property
owners need to have rights over it as it is not necessarily a public access.
PROPERTY INFORMATION FORM
This is a questionnaire about the property completed by the sellers. It covers such
items as guarantees, neighbour disputes and boundaries.
The buying of a property.
The repayment of an existing mortgage.
A penalty charged by a mortgagee when you redeem a mortgage within a fixed rate,
discounted rate or cashback period.
Property which has already been registered at the Land Registry.
Some freehold properties are subject to a rentcharge payable to the rentcharge owner.
This may be to ensure income for the original land owner without the existence of
a lease or it can be to ensure that estate covenants can be enforced more easily.
An administration fee charged by some mortgagees to cover the cost of reserving
a mortgagor’s entitlement to a loan on certain terms or possibly a fee paid to a
builder to reserve a particular new property.
Someone who sells a property.
A payment required by a lessor or managing agent to cover the costs of maintaining
and running a development (e.g. gardening and decorating and also insuring a block
An order made by the local authority designating an area to be one in which only
smokeless fuels may be burnt (i.e. not coal or wood).
Stamp duty land tax paid to the government on the purchase of a property over a
STANDARD CONDITIONS OF SALE
A form of general conditions created by the Law Society which form the basis on
which conveyancing transactions are governed.
Where a property moves due to inadequate foundations or severe change to the underlying
ground resulting in an instability in the structure of a building often evidenced
by cracks in walls.
This is a report carried out on the physical state of the property.
A form of co-ownership where on the death of the co-owners the remaining owner(s)
is (are) not automoatically entitled to the deceased’s share in the property. The
deceased’s share will pass in accordance with their wishes contained within their
Last Will and Testament.
Life insurance which only last for the term of the mortgage.
The right of someone other than the legal owner of the property to use or control
land of which they have no ownership. Details will be referred to in the title documents
and explained by the solicitors acting on your behalf.
A search to establish whether the property may be affected by tin mining activity
which may result in subsidence.
The owner’s right to a property.
These documents firstly act as evidence that the person selling the property actually
owns it, and secondly set out any rights or obligations that affect the property.
TITLE INFORMATION DOCUMENT
Document issued by the Land Registry on completion of an application for registration
confirming the ownership of the property and any mortgage.
A dealing with property (e.g. sale or purchase)
A document which transfers ownership of a property from one person to another.
A document transferring ownership of a share or interest in a property from one
person to another.
An order made by the local authority designating a tree or group of trees as protected
and requiring the local authority’s permission to lop or fell them.
Where the title to a property has not previously been registered at the Land Registry
and ownership is proved by the production of a complete chain of documents showing
Possession of a property free of the presence of any people, possession or rubbish.
A very simple form of survey designed to establish the market value of the property.
A formal agreement entered into with a property owner to give a service provided
(e.g. Electricity or Telephone company) a right for their pipe or cable to pass
through or over the property.